Thyroid diseases come in a range of different forms, from hypothyroid where the gland is underactive to hyperthyroid where it is overactive. There are other conditions such as Hashimoto’s disease and Graves’ disease, which are all associated with the thyroid. Here are some quick facts to help you with food and drink guidance for any of these conditions.
Using a few of these tips and you may be able to gain or lose weight depending on what you need and out will need to come the best sewing machine to make a few quick clothing alterations.
A goitrogen is a naturally occurring substance in some foods that causes the thyroid gland to enlarge, called a goiter. These foods work as an anti-thyroid drug making the gland underactive, which depending on the nature of your illness, may not be a good thing. The main foods that are goitrogenic are vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, kale and cabbage. Soy based foods are also on the list.
If you have a functional or semi-functional thyroid, the advice is not to over-eat on these foods raw. However if you have hypothyroidism, you can eat these foods but it is recommended to cook them first as the heat partially destroys the substances which act as goitrogens.
Food and drink in moderation
As mentioned, soy can be an issue, because not only it is a goitrogen but also because it inhibits thyroid hormone absorption so especially avoid high-phytoestrogen forms such as shakes, soy milk and supplements.
Coffee and thyroid medicine don’t get along too well so it is always recommended to wait an hour after taking medicine before drinking coffee. Otherwise, the coffee can inhibit the absorption of the medication and limit its effectiveness.
Similarly, avoid orange juice for three to four hours after taking medication and the same applies to calcium supplements or iron supplements, both of which can slow the medication’s effectiveness.
If weight loss is your aim and you suffer with constipation problems, then increasing the high fibre foods in your diet can be one way to go. This can be beneficial for both areas but also means your thyroid should be checked every 8-12 weeks to make sure the fibre isn’t countermanding the effect of the medication.
Another common weight loss advice is to eat mini-meals more often instead of large meals. However, with thyroid problems, this can actually make things worse. The spacing apart of meals helps allow management of leptin and insulin levels, which might not work with frequent smaller meals.
There probably isn’t a scenario where water is a bad thing and thyroid conditions are in the majority group. Water helps to get the metabolism working at its best, reduces appetite as well as improving digestion and combatting constipation.
These are just a few basic tips for foods which are good and not so good for those with thyroid related conditions. For full information designed specifically for you, always speak to a medical professional or a dietician.